Everyone who has suffered from a headache knows firsthand how annoying this condition is – it is impossible to concentrate on work, there is no desire to communicate with people and do anything at all. The condition is accompanied by increased irritability.
Six common types of headaches and how to fix them
Many people describe headaches as throbbing or continuous. However, doctors have more than a hundred types of headaches, each of which has its own characteristics. In today’s article, we will discuss the most common types of headaches and how to eliminate them.
This type of headache occurs in many people. Migraine is characterized by throbbing pain in one area. Sometimes a migraine affects several areas, as well as the neck and face. The duration of the pain is from several minutes to 3 days.
According to experts, every third patient notices symptoms that precede migraine: tingling in the head and body, nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, light spots or lines in front of the eyes. The harbingers of the onset of migraine can be such factors: stress, anxiety, loud noise or bright lighting, dehydration, hormonal imbalance.
You can relieve the condition by applying a cool compress to your forehead. Rest, aspirin or ibuprofen will also help.
2. Tension headache (tension type)
Tension-type pain is characterized by squeezing sensations inside the head. It most often occurs in the area of the temples and forehead. This can increase eye pressure, scalp and upper body sensitivity. Sensitivity to noise and light also increases.
Tension-type headache is episodic or chronic. It can be confused with migraines. However, with HDN, there is no nausea, vomiting and the appearance of spots before the eyes.
The following factors can provoke tension headaches: increased anxiety, stress, poor quality sleep, curvature of posture, insufficient physical activity, eye strain. The likelihood of HDN also increases with loud noises and dehydration.
If such pain often occurs, doctors recommend not to deal with the consequences, but to find and eliminate the cause. Avoid stressful situations, maintain mental balance, get enough sleep, and devote time to physical activity.
3. Hypnic headache
This is the primary type of headache associated with sleep. Throbbing pain occurs when a person is asleep. Scientists speculate that a hypnic headache is caused by snoring when a sleeping person is low on oxygen. If GHB appears frequently, it is recommended to see a doctor. After a preliminary examination, the doctor may order an MRI, computed tomography, or an inpatient sleep study.
To eliminate pain, it is recommended to drink ibuprofen or aspirin. You can also drink strong coffee if there is no tendency to hypertension.
4. Cluster (beam) headache
It is difficult to confuse this type of headache with any other. Pain piercing or burning. They cover the eyes or focus behind the visual organs. Most often, beam pain occurs on one side of the head.
In addition to the above symptoms, people may experience increased anxiety, anxiety, nasal congestion. Shoulders and neck may hurt. Despite the intensity of the sensations, this condition is not life threatening. Typically, an attack can last from 10 minutes to 3 hours.
The exact cause of the onset of cluster pain is still unknown. There are only suggestions about the connection with the circadian rhythm.
To eliminate symptoms, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroids, nasal drops with lidocaine, or inhalation of oxygen in a stationary environment.
5. Headache with sinusitis
Pain occurs during or after acute respiratory viral infections. If, in addition to the headache, there is discomfort in the forehead, cheekbones, nose bridge, the doctor is most likely to diagnose sinusitis. Concomitant symptoms may include stuffy ears, rhinitis, facial swelling, and fever.
Sinusitis is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses. An acute form may mean the addition of a bacterial infection. Self-medication is hazardous to health. The most that can be done is to drink an anesthetic drug and drip the nose with vasoconstrictor drops.
6. Headache during physical exertion
This is one of the most common types of pain that often occurs in people with increased physical activity. Pain can occur after jogging, jumping, or strength training. In addition, it can appear during intimacy, sneezing or severe coughing.
Most often, the discomfort disappears within an hour, but if the load was too intense, it can last all day. To prevent painful sensations, you should warm up before the main loads and avoid overwork.
You can relieve pain syndrome with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.
Unfortunately, no one is immune from headaches, but you can reduce the likelihood of its occurrence using the methods that we described above. If a pathological condition occurs regularly, and the pain is severe and poorly tolerated, you should definitely consult a doctor to find out the causes and exclude conditions that threaten health and life.