4 Principles of Facial Skin Care

Mum should have taught you how to brush your teeth. We will teach you how to take care of your face regularly. Moreover, we have already dealt with stereotypes about care and realized that it is not necessary to rub your face to a squeak and rely on scrubs.

Perhaps before you thought that facial care for a normal person is to wash your face with water. Or worse, the same soap you use on your hands. But in fact, this is the approach of a smoker (and yes, it kills the skin no less than cigarettes). You don’t have an idea to wash your hair with dishwashing liquid – you should treat your face with no less care. But it’s not at all necessary to rush to the other extreme: you don’t have to start 150 different cans in the bathroom, in which even your girlfriend will get confused.

If you start to understand skin care products, it will quickly become clear that it is not so much what cosmetics you choose that matters, but how you use them. Basic care, which will allow you to get maximum profit with a minimum of effort, as it turns out, consists of four stages: cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing and protecting. Moreover, the last two can easily be combined into one. We explain in detail what these stages include and what tools can be used for them.


Many people cannot imagine washing without foam and believe that the result of cleansing should be “creaky” skin. This is a huge misconception, which, unfortunately, is actively supported even by some dermatologists. Foam is produced by surfactants such as SLS or sodium lauryl sulfate. As hundreds of studies have shown, they irritate and dry out the skin, causing it to produce even more oil as compensation. It turns out to be a vicious circle: the skin is oily, we wash it with soap, it becomes even oilier.

In a good way, regardless of skin type, you should choose mild cleansers that do not foam. You will be surprised, but with the transition to them, the skin will become less oily and softer, and the unpleasant feeling of tightness will disappear forever.

And if you can’t achieve a feeling of cleanliness without foam, then those surfactants remain for you that practically do not irritate the skin. Choose soft products in packages that foam immediately when pressed. 

We suggest pharmacy brands – they are definitely hypoallergenic and will not cause irritation. In addition, they are usually fragrance-free, so you won’t have to guess what on earth you bought, and the scent won’t argue with your perfume.


Here, too, we will reveal the great conspiracy of cosmetics manufacturers: the scrub does nothing good for the skin. Aggressive physical exfoliation that makes the skin soft actually damages it and makes it rough. The circle turns out again: the skin becomes addicted from the scrub, and this makes it necessary to use it more and more often. If you notice this, know that it’s not because you have bad skin, it’s the scrub that’s to blame.

The easiest way to replace scrubs is with acids. Acids exfoliate not by physical action, but by gentle chemical dissolution of dead cells on the surface of the epidermis. The three most common acids in cosmetics are glycolic, lactic, and salicylic. Acids not only renew the skin, making it soft, but also smooth out fine wrinkles, and also fight the dullness of the face and help subsequent care work better. Products with salicylic acid, among other things, will clean the pores and get rid of black spots due to the fact that they can dissolve fat, unlike other acids.

The easiest format of acids to use is tonics. You can use them every day, but you should focus on the sensitivity of your skin. Start with twice a week and increase the frequency as needed. In the evening, immediately after washing, wipe your face well with acid

tonic and start moisturizing.

An excellent tonic with salicylic acid – Paula’s Choice PC4Men Soothe + Smooth, which will exfoliate, clean pores, and soothe after shaving. 

In addition, a couple of times a year you can look into the salon for professional peeling. More aggressive means are used for it, but the process is under the control of a professional cosmetologist. If you were looking for a reason to rejoice at the onset of cold weather, then here it is: in autumn and winter, when solar activity is rather low, peeling is the time to do it – the risk of acquiring age spots is reduced significantly.


Moisturizing is necessary for absolutely any type of skin: from extremely oily to extremely dry. Skin type is determined by the amount of fat produced, not water, and it almost always lacks water. This is perhaps the main misconception of people with problematic skin. The worst mistake is to first wash your face with a hard matting agent, and then dry your skin with a towel.

Moisturizing works in two ways, but most creams combine both. The first is water retention, for which components such as glycerin or hyaluronic acid are responsible. They work like tiny sponges that contain water. The second is the “locking” of water. Oils and silicones are responsible for this. They cover the skin with the thinnest protective film that does not allow water to evaporate. Therefore, you need creams that have both components.

Choosing a cream is quite simple: the drier the skin, the denser the texture should be due to the nutritional components.

Of course, you can use the same cream twice a day, but in the morning it is still worth choosing lighter textures, and at night use rich formulas that nourish and restore, preparing the skin for the next day. 

A separate item is a cream for the skin around the eyes. It cannot be said that you cannot do without it, but since you have already taken on replenishing your cosmetic bag, you should go all the way. Wrinkles won’t thank you, but that’s exactly the effect you’re looking for.


When we say “protection”, we mean protection from the sun. The sun is one of the strongest factors in skin aging, mainly due to wrinkles, age spots and loss of elasticity. So you definitely need a tool with the terrible name “sunscreen”.

Sunscreens tend to be quite unpleasant to use and can leave white marks, but it’s possible to find a decent one among the variety. 

If you are in the sun all day, then you need to renew protection every two to three hours, as the filters break down in the sun. If you spend most of the time indoors, then it is enough to use funds only before going outside. Fortunately, a huge number of brands add sunscreens in advance to day creams. This eliminates the need for multiple layers of care. Such products combine hydration, nutrition, and protection.

Bottom line: in the simplest case, you need four products – a cleanser, an exfoliator, a day cream with sunscreens, and a night cream.