In this world there are places in which it is necessary to visit during your life. We offer you the top ten places, not having visited which you can consider your life lived in vain…
10 places on the planet, where everyone should visit
In this world there are places in which it is necessary to visit during his life. We offer you the top ten places not to visit, which can be considered a life lived in vain…
1. Egyptian pyramids and the Great Sphinx
You should not go to Egypt to spend your entire vacation, lying in the sun and never leaving your hotel. To be near one of the Seven Wonders of the World and not to visit it – mauvais ton for any self-respecting tourist. So feet in the hands and forward – to admire the stone “mankoli”. Bypassing each of the tombs of the pharaohs is not necessary, but three of them must be visited.
The complex of buildings included in the list of the most famous attractions of the ancient world, is located on the outskirts of Cairo, in the city of Giza. It includes the great pyramids of Pharaoh Chephren, his son Cheops and great-grandson Mikerin and, of course, the mysterious Great Sphinx. Previously it was believed that it was carved out of one huge stone. The Arabic name of the sphinx, Abul-Gol, means “Father of Terror.
2. The volcanic island of Santorini, Greece
The southernmost island in the Cycladic range of the Aegean Sea is essentially the remnant of a volcano. Many continue to believe that it is Atlantis itself, or rather, the wreckage of the island that went under the water. Santorini is a group of five islands: the largest and main one is Tira and smaller ones Terassia, Old Kameni and New Kameni. The group also includes the uninhabited Aspronisi, with an area of only 0.1 square kilometers.
In the last 20 years the rocky island has become one of the main tourist centers of Greece. The dream of many tourists to this day is to hike through the villages of Santorini, built with houses and churches of dazzling whiteness, and then relax on the colorful beaches of the pearl of the Aegean Sea: red, black and even white. Where else can you see such natural wonders? In addition, Santorini is said to have the most beautiful sunset in the world…
3. Stonehenge, England
Stonehenge is a world-famous stone monument located on Salisbury Plain in England. In total the circular structure consists of 30 stone blocks, each weighing 25 tons, 5 huge so-called trilithons, fifty-ton stones, as well as 82 five-ton megaliths. Scientists speculate that all of these trilithons and megaliths were built by tribes living in the British Isles in 3100 B.C. to observe the two planets: The Sun and the Moon. But Stonehenge was not only a modern telescope, it was also a burial place, as the many burial cemeteries demonstrate.
Stonehenge is still an unsolved mystery, although after years of research we know many of the facts. It has been determined that the material for the construction of the complex was delivered from quarries located more than 300 meters from the construction site. We only need to know a little: why did ancient people exert so much effort to build the Stonehenge?
We could talk about Italy for hours. This modern country with deep Roman Catholic roots arouses interest in tourists in all weathers and seasons. In the north, near the Alps and the plains of the Po River, there are industrial cities. Milan is known not only as the capital of Lombardy, but also as the shopping center of Italy, and at the same time the center of high fashion in the world. At 50 km from the capital is situated a historical city Bergamo divided into two districts. Bergamo Basso and Bergamo Alto (as the two parts of the city are called) are situated opposite each other and are separated by a fortress wall. Unlike today’s Basso district, Bergamo Alto retains the intact spirit of the old city.
The pride of northeastern Italy has long been Venice and Verona. These are some of the most romantic places on the planet. Lovers of good wine should definitely stop by one of the most famous regions of Italy – Piedmont, which gained fame thanks to the thick noble Barolo and Barbaresco made from the Nebbiolo grape variety. There are numerous tours in Turin that any wine gourmet will be satisfied with. Thanks to countless contemporary art museums, bookstores and music fairs, Turin has earned the title of one of Italy’s leading cultural cities. The coastal region of Liguria is another topic for a separate discussion.
The Riviera del Palme is in no way inferior to its azure French replica. The coastal areas, countryside, mild climate and old towns like Genoa are so charming that it is simply impossible not to visit this wonderful place. Lunigiana, Albenga and Ceriale deserve special attention. True gourmets will appreciate the culinary capital of Italy Emilia-Romagna. In the homeland of Giuseppe Verdi you can taste balsamic sauce, Parma ham, hand-rolled pasta, salami, truffles, honey from the slopes of Apennines, and other works of art, which can conquer even the most demanding gourmets.
Located between the valleys of the rivers Reno and Savena Bologna, “La Grassa” as the Italians call it, along with Ravenna is valuable for tourists with its wealth of monuments of early Christian and Byzantine architecture, and above all monumental and decorative paintings. Also we should not forget about the resort town of Rimini, located on the Adriatic coast. And if all of Italy resembles the outline of a boot, Tuscany should be its pearl buckle. The Tuscan regions are considered some of the most mesmerizing in all of Italy.
It seems a lifetime wouldn’t be enough to get around all the alleyways with historic architectures of the eternal city of Rome. The capital of Italy is decorated with numerous buildings, palaces and churches of the Renaissance, various staircases and fountains scattered around the city. And fans of active leisure will definitely enjoy a hike in the Dolomite Alps, stretching from Austria in northern Italy up to Lake Garda.
5. Loch Ness Lake, Scotland
On the share of the long-suffering lake many legends, and they are all about some monster Nessie, fond of this place. On the shore of the lake was even built the museum of the Loch Ness Monster of the same name. So there is no limit for those wishing to see the mythical creature. Although there are true connoisseurs of beauty, who come to the lake for aesthetic pleasure.
The large and deep freshwater lake stretches for 37 kilometers from Fort William to Inverness and connects the west coast of Scotland with the east. Loch Ness holds a leading position among other lakes by volume, and its depth reaches 230 meters. In a word, it’s quiet, after all, the monster has a big mouth…
6. Pyramids of the Sun and Moon, Teotihuacan
Despite the fact that they are not on the list of Seven Wonders of the World, the pyramids of Teotihuacan is the greatest structure in the whole Americas, which deserves special attention. Once there was life boiling in this small city in the valley, but in 750 A.D., due to drought, it became empty. And the city, once found by wandering Aztecs, was called Teotihuacan – the place where people become gods. And the true history of the city with its founders, civilization and language has sunk into the depths of centuries.
The Pyramid of the Sun is 64.5 meters high, which is half the height of the Great Egyptian, and is the key structure of the complex. Comparatively recently, in 1971, archaeologists discovered a staircase leading to a cave directly underneath the pyramid. It turned out that the stairs leading to the top, mirror the stairs going deep underground into the 103-meter tunnel.
7. Incan Ruins – Machu Picchu, Peru
The lost city, floating in a kingdom of clouds, rises in the Andes at an altitude of 2,280 meters on a steep slope above the valley of the “River of the Sun” of Urubamba. Literally translated, the “old peak” is also called the “lost city of the Incas,” who built it and abandoned it less than a century later. During the long years of loneliness the city hid in the jungle, and it was not until 1911 that Hiram Bingham ventured on an expedition into the Peruvian Andes. In the valley of the Urubamba River he met a farmer who led him to the ruins of Incan, the only area of Machu Picchu that had not been pillaged or destroyed in the previous four centuries.
Why the Incas decided to settle in such an inaccessible place high above the ground is unknown. One hypothesis scholars have about it is the comparative proximity to the sun. A large number of religious buildings, including the so-called Temple of the Sun, remained in the town, which was designed for about a thousand people. Built on the cliffs, it somewhat resembles a condor’s nest. From here the Incas kept a precise eye on the location of the sun, which was very important for mystical rituals. The semicircular wall of the temple hides a huge altar with many potholes, quite appropriate for a place of sacrifice.
Another small cave served as an observatory for the Incas, and the ritual religious bathing, according to scientists, were held in one of the 16 waterfall tubs, from which, perhaps, for the tribe flowed sacred water. But despite this abundance of architecture, Machu Picchu’s holy of holies is the city’s highest point, Intiwatan, “a place favored by the sun.” At its heart is a ritual stone resembling a sundial, with which the priests used to determine the time of day and calculate the months and years. Although no one knows for sure how the stone helped them in this.
To visit such an inaccessible place is an honor for any tourist. In the past, it was almost impossible to get into the Inca city. There was a narrow paved road that led to it, along the intimidating precipices and precipices. On one side of the village was a drawbridge over the abyss, and on the other, southeast, not protected by sheer cliffs, were built walls five meters high and one meter thick. And all the surrounding hills were equipped with watchtowers.
8. Gold Pavilion, Japan
It is impossible not to notice the pavilion: it is completely covered in gold. Shining in the sunlight, the Golden Pavilion, or Kinkakuji, resembles a beautiful box made of precious stone. It was built in 1397 at the behest of the Shogun Yoshimitsu, and he spent the last years of his life here, having lost all interest in the political life of the country.
But after the Shogun’s death, in accordance with his wishes, his villa was converted into a temple. Each of the three floors was built in a different architectural style and was intended for different activities. The first (Hosuyin) is in the Shinen-zukuri style, which was used primarily in the construction of palaces and aristocratic houses. For the second floor (Toyonkaku) the architect chose the buke-zukuri (samurai style). And the upper third floor (Kukyotyo) was built according to the strict canons of Zen architecture. Thus, the rooms on the lower floor were used by the shogun as a reception hall for business meetings. On the second floor, the interior decoration of which had a distinctly Chinese character, musical evenings and tea ceremonies were held. The third floor, which had only one room with sliding doors and bell-shaped windows, served as the shogun’s personal prayer room with the statues of Buddha and accompanying bodhisattvas, which were obligatory for such facilities. A gilded bronze phoenix adorned the roof ridge of the pavilion.
As fate would have it, the Pavilion was never built to last: in 1950 a mad monk set it on fire. Five years later an exact replica of the Golden Pavilion was restored to its original location. In addition to the copy, tourists will be interested to see other originals for which Kyoto is famous: the Silver Pavilion, Kiyomizu temples, the stone garden at Ryoanji Temple, Nijo Shogun Castle or the old Gosho Imperial Palace.
9. Bimini: Road to Atlantis
For many years now, no one has been bothered by an unknown rock structure located right in the depths of the sea near the Bahamas. The famous American psychic Edgar Cayce predicted that the lost continent of Atlantis still reminds himself and appears in the Bahamas around 1968 -1969 years. Indeed, in 1968 pilots managed to photograph amazing stone structures underwater near the Bahamas. Someone claims to have seen even pyramids on the seabed, but one thing is certain – the semi-mystical structure exists and is even called the Bimini Road. It consists of two parallel tracks paved with stone slabs. The Bimini Road is three to nine meters deep, but thanks to the perfectly clear water it is perfectly visible from the surface of the sea. The stone path is about 500 meters long and about 90 meters wide.
While romantics fully support the opinion of psychics, skeptics are inclined to believe that Bimini is nothing more than the result of natural activity to create a bizarre image from the arranged rocks and reefs. Perhaps we should take a look for ourselves at the mythical road that connects the real world to fiction?
Iceland was settled in the 9th century by Norse Vikings. The first inhabited city was Reykjavik, which to this day concentrates most of the island’s population. Reykjavík has a buzzing nightlife and by day it thrills tourists with its architectural monuments and excursions to the nearby countryside: Tingvellir, Gullfos and so on. For nature lovers, Iceland is a real find. They come to see the smoking volcanoes, geysers and waterfalls, colorful lava fields and glaciers, to touch icebergs and see whales. Every word echoes many times, and everywhere there is blue sky, water and ice, and in the spring and summer there is an unimaginable amount of greenery and flowers. The only thing in Iceland in short supply are the forests, which disappeared from the island after the Norwegian logging and volcanic eruptions.
Tourism in Iceland thrives mostly in the summer, but there’s plenty to see in winter as well. The neighboring island of Greenland covers 103 thousand square kilometers, 11.8 thousand square kilometers of which are covered by glaciers. Therefore, even in the winter on the island of tourists will certainly find something interesting and useful. For example, you can stay in Hofna, a town convenient to explore the largest glacier in Iceland. However, it is preferable to visit the remote Hoffell, which is located right at the beginning of the glacier.